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The AJHS Manuscript Catalog

Woodbine Colony

Type / Call #INSTITUTIONAL / I-053ADMINISTRATIVE RECORDS OF BARON de HIRSCH FUND RELATING TO THE ESTABLISHMENT OF WOODBINE, OTHER MISC. INFO AND MATERIALS RELATING TO WOODBINE
Years1890-1933
Size5 ledgers, 27 boxes + misc
ScopeWoodbine Colony. Woodbine is a town in New Jersey which was founded by the Baron de Hirsch Fund as a Jewish agricultural colony with an industrial annex. The first 60 families, mostly from southern Russia, arrived in 1892, and an agricultural school was established in 1895. In 1903, the colony became the first all-Jewish municipality in the US. Failure of the colony's original agricultural plans eventually led to a predominance of industry. During WWII, the Fund withdrew support. The Jewish population declined steadily, and by 1958, numbered 315 out of a total 2500. The Woodbine Colony records themselves, from 1890-1933, are under call number I-53. The collection contains records pertaining to all aspects of the colony, including histories, reports, correspondence, and photographs. The material is arranged chronologically, not indexed.

Boxes 1-9 contains the records of individual property holders, about 250 people. These names can be found in the finding aid.

Box 11 includes listing of those employed in the town from 1895-1919.

Boxes 12-14 are records of Woodbine companies: Bradstone Rubber Company: W.P. Bradley, President And Treasurer; I.V. Stone, Vice President. M.R.D. Hat Company: G. Feldman, President; D. Rabinowitz, Secretary-Treasurer. Woodbine Children'S Clothing Co.: Joseph Rabinowitz, Owner; Mr. Schoenman, President. Daniel & Blumenthal - Manufacturer Of Knee Pants And Children's Suits: Bernhard Daniel, Owner; Jacob Blumethal, Owner. M.L. Bayard & Co.: Eva & Morris Bayard (it seemed from the records that she owned the company and he ran it).

Box 16 includes information on certain Rumanian families being settled. In addition, there are lists of families farming along with their mortgage information. Other lists include "nationality stats," class lists, and sports team lists. Information on Texas farmers includes descent information.

Box 22 contains a small amount of correspondence regarding people who were looking to be reunited with family members.

All AJHS manuscript collections must be accessed in person on-site at the American Jewish Historical Society. For information on how to research the AJHS archival collections, essential information about their Reading Room and Regulations can be found at http://www.ajhs.org/reference/readingrooms.cfm.

The AJHS collections themselves are not available in any electronic form, on this website or elsewhere. The AJHS has been collecting this material for over 100 years, and preserves it in its archives in the original format, be it handwritten, typewritten, or printed. For more information on the AJHS' genealogical holdings see the article "Genealogical Resources at the American Jewish Historical Society".

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